Wagering terms

Straight Wagers

WIN:
You pick the horse that finishes first ($2 minimum wager)
"$2 to Win on #4" Cost: $2


PLACE:
You pick the horse that finishes first or second ($2 minimum wager)
"$2 to place on #5" Cost: $2


SHOW:
You pick the horse that finishes first, second, or third ($2 minimum wager)
"$2 to Show on #1" Cost: $2

Exotic Wagers

Daily Double:
   You pick the winner of two consecutive races. ($2 minimum wager)
$2 Daily Double on #3, #5" Cost: $2


Exacta:
    You pick the first two horses to cross the finish line in exact order in a single race. ($2 minimum wager)
"$2 Exacta on #4, #7" Cost: $2

Exacta Box: (Also called a quinella)
    You pick the first two horses to cross the finish line in either order in a single race. ($1 minimum wager)
"$1 Exacta Box #2, #6" Cost: $2


Trifecta:
    You pick the first three horses to cross the finish line in exact order in a single race. ($2 minimum wager)
"$1 Trifecta #2, #6, #7" Cost: $2


Trifecta Box:
    You pick the first three horses to cross the finish line in any order in a single race. ($1 minimum wager)
"$1 Trifecta Box #2, #6, #7" Cost: $6

General Definitions

Across The Board: 
   To place equal bets, to win, place and show, on one horse.

Allowance Race:
    A race which has eligibility conditions to determine the horses that may enter and is not a claimer.

Also Eligible:
     A horse who is an alternate starter, who will be allowed in the race if a starter is scratched.

Also-Ran:
     A horse which finished back in the pack.

Apprentice:
    Rookie jockey.

Backside:
    Location of stables.

Bay:
    Brown or tan horse with black "points" - mane,lower legs, and tail.

Bear Out:
    To drift toward the outside of the track.

Bleeder:
    Horse that bleeds during heavy exertion, usually from small vessels or capillaries in respiratory system.

Blinkers:
    A common piece of racing equipment that contains eye cups which limit a horse's vision and prevent
it from shying from objects or other horses.

Bloodline:
    Pedigree of a horse.

Blow Out:
    Workout before a race to limber up a horse.

Bolt:
    A sharp left- or right-hand movement by a horse.

Break: 
    To leave the gate at the start of a race. Also,
a harness horse changing to a different gate than the one specified in the race in which they are competing.

Break Maiden:
    When a horse wins his first race.  Until that first win, a horse is a maiden.

Breed:
    An equine group whose members have been selectively bred for consistent characteristics over a period of time and with pedigrees recorded in a stud book.

Breeze:
    To run easily, under a hold, without much encouragement.
A common plan for a morning workout.

Broodmare:
    Female horse used for breeding purposes.

Broodmare Sire:
    The sire of the dam of a horse.

Bug:
    Apprentice Jockey who is allowed a reduced weight as they gain experience.

Chestnut:
   Red  to golden yellow horse with red main and tail.

Claiming Race:
   A race in which any horse may be purchased at a predetermined price.

Colt:
    Ungelded male horse under five years of age.

Conformation:
   The shape and correctness of the anatomy of a horse.

Dam:
    The female parent of a horse.

Dead Heat:
    Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the wire.

Derby:
    Stakes race for three year olds.

Driver:
    A person driving a harness horse in a race.

Driving:
   Strong urging by the rider.

Fast Track:
    Track condition with footing at its best. Dry and even.

Favorite:
   Horse having the most money wagered on it to win.

Filly:
    Female horse under five years old that has not been bred.

Foal:
    A horse under one year old.

Furlong:
    A distance equal to 1/8th of a mile.

Gait:
   Used to describe the manner in which a horse moves.

Gallop:
    A fast gate in which all four feet are off the ground at once.

Gelding:
   Castrated male horse.

Groom:
    A person who cares for a horse in the stables.

Hand:
   Unit of measurement for a horse's height, each of which is 4 inches.

Handicap Race:
    A race in which weights have been assigned by the racing secretary after evaluating entrant's past races.

Handicapping:
   The art of evaluating a horse's past performance to determine the outcome of a race.

Handily:
    Working or racing with moderate effort; not under the whip.

Horse:
    Ungelded male horse five years old or older.

Hot Walk:
   Cooling down a horse by walking by hand or on a machine after a race or workout.

Jockey:
   Rider of a horse in a race.

Juvenile:
    A two year old horse.

Length:
    About eight feet, the length of a horse from nose to tail. At racing speeds a horse travels about 5 lenghts a second. Thus timing is often in 1/5 seconds.

Longshot:
    Entry not well regarded by bettors, resulting in the possibility of longer odds and higher payoffs.

Maiden Race:
    A race for horses which have never won a race.

Mare:
   Female horse five years old or older, or younger if bred.

Match Race:
    A race between just two horses.

Morning Line:
    An estimate of the final race odds, as determined by the track's handicapper.

Mudder:
    A horse which races well on a muddy track.

Muddy Track:
    Track condition where there is substantial water in the track making footing less than ideal.

Nose:
    Smallest winning margin at the finish.

Official:
    Final results of a race have been confirmed by the stewards.

Pace:
    Relative speed of the leaders of a race at various stages during the race.

Pacer:
    A harness racing gait in which the legs on one side of the horse move together.

Paddock:
    Area where the horses are saddled and paraded before post time. Also a small fenced in field for horses to be turned out in.

Pari-mutuel:
    The form of wagering whereby players wager against each other, not
against the "house".

Parked Out:
    Term for a harness horse which is not able to race near the inside rail due to the position of other horses.

Pedigree:
   The details of a horse's ancestry.  Often shown as a family tree.

Photo Finish:
   A finish between two or more horses which is so close a still photograph must be used to determine the order of finish.

Pole:
    Distance marks placed around the track, usually every 1/16th of a mile.

Post Parade:
   When the horses leave the paddock and go toward the starting gate.

Post Time:
    The designated time for a race to begin.

Purse:
    The total prize money awarded in a race - usually among the top five.

Recall:
    When the first attempt at starting in a harness race is nullified by the official in charge of the start.

Roan:
    Horse with a red and white hair mixture.  Usually with age they turn mostly gray.

Scratch:
    A horse is withdrawn from a race.

Silks:
    Jacket representing the owner of a horse which is worn by the jockey.

Simulcast:
    Simultaneous broadcast of a race to betting facilities away from the live track.

Sire:
   The male parent of a horse.

Stakes Race:
    Highest class of race, reserved for the best horses.  Owners have to pay an entry fee or "stake" for these races.

Stallion:
    Ungelded male horse used specifically for breeding.

Standardbred:
   A breed of horse which participates in harness racing.

Starting Gate:
    A mechanical device which allows each horse to begin a race at the same time.

Steeplechase:
   A race over a course with artificial obstacles.

Stewards:
   The highest level officials overseeing the races who work to maintain the integrity of the sport.

Stick:
   A jockey's whip.

Stretch:
    The straight portions of a race track.

Stud Book:
    A official record of the pedigrees of purebred horses.

Sulky:
    A two wheeled cart carrying the driver and pulled by a horse in harness racing.

Tack:
   Equipment used for riding and driving a horse.

Thoroughbred:
    A horse specifically bred for racing that can trace their lineage back to three original sires.  These sires are: Darley Arabian, Godolphin Arabian, Byerley Turk.

Trainer:
   Person in charge of conditioning horses in preparation for races.

Trotter:
    In harness racing, horses which move with a diagonal gait.

Yearling:
    A horse which is one year old.

 

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Last modified: March 07, 2010

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